کاربرد do/does معمولا برای ایجاد سوالاتی بکار میاد که جواب yes/no دارن.کاربرد do/does با توجه به فاعل جمله می باشد.
هرگاه فاعل ما I, you, we یا they بود از do استفاده می کنیم.
هرگاه فاعل ما he, she یا it بود از does استفاده می کنیم.
Does she like sport? Yes, she does.
Do you like sport? Yes, I do.
چند مثال برای do :
Do I know you?
Do you come from England?
Do we have to cut the grass?
Do they want to come with us?
چند مثال برای does:
Does he work with you?
Does she have a car?
Does it snow in winter?
در افعال انگلیسی با اضافه شدن s,es به آخر فعل به سوم شخص (He,She,It ) تبدیل می شود اگر فعل کمکی Do در جمله وجود داشته باشد به Does تبدیل می شود و فعل اصلی تغییری نمی کند .( یعنی پس از he - she- it باید Does بکار رود)
مثال:جملات را با کلمات داخل پرانتز باز نویسی کنید.(دو جمله ی اول نمونه اند.)
I don’t want to go there. (He) He doesn’t want to go there.
I want to go there. (She) She wants to go there.
Ali doesn’t want to write a letter. (She)
He doesn’t buy a car. (I)
He comes here. (I)
افعال to be
افعال انگلیسی دو دسته ی عمده هستند:1-افعال اصلی 2-افعال کمکی
افعال to be نیز از افعال پر کاربرد انگلیسی هستند که به معنای بودن هستند که فعلا فقط زمان حال را بررسی می کنیم.
که به شرح زیر می باشند:(داخل پرانتز شکل مخفف آنها نوشته شده است)
I am (I'm) we are (we're)
You are (You're) You are (You're)
He is (He's) They are
She is (She's)
It is (Its
در ادامه مطلب چند مثال کاربردی از do واستون قرار دادم:
The Magic Do (Meanings of Do)
1- Action: What are you doing?
2- Behave/ act: Do as you are told.
3- Success: How is the business doing?
4- Perform/ work: I have a lot of things to do.
5- Task: wash/clean: I did the dishes.
6- Tasks mentioned: I’m doing the ironing.
7- Job: What do you do?
8- Learn/ study: I’m doing physics.
9- Solve: I can’t do this sum.
10- Produce / Make: I’ll do you a copy.
11- Perform: They are doing “Hamlet” next month.
12- Copy: Can you do an Isfahani accent?
13- Finish: I have done it.
14- Travel: How many miles did you do?
15- Complete a trip: We did the round trip in 2 hours.
16- Speed: The car was doing 90 miles per hour.
17- Visit: We did Tokyo in 3 day.
18- Spend: She did a year at college.
19- Cut the hair: The hairdresser did me at 3 o’clock.
20- Suitable: This jacket won’t do for the party.
21- Enough: Will $20 do?
22- Cook: How would you like your steak done?
23- Cheat: We have been done.
24- Punish: She got done for speeding.
25- Fasten: Do your shoes.
26- Emphasize: I do go to see him.
27- Rob: The gangs did the bank.
28- Take: They don’t do drugs.
29- Open: I undid the box.
30- Cancel the effect of: He undid most of the good work of the previous
31- Fail: The team was undone by the opponents.
32- Down fall / Ruin: That one mistake was his undoing.
33- Edit: We occasionally undo some programs.
34- Upset: She has come undone.
35- Unsatisfactory: It really won’t do.
36- Look attractive: That doesn’t do any thing for her.
37- Announce: I do the weather report on KNTV.